This week, we explore the genetic basis of mental health disorders like depression, anxiety, ADHD, and dementia.

Around 15% of the Indian population suffers from a mental health disorder, including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia

To manage mental health, it's crucial to understand the interplay between genetics, brain chemistry, experiences, and social contexts.

Genetics play a role in depression risk. An average person has a 20-30% risk, while someone with a family history has 2-3 times greater risk. Specific genes are linked to depression susceptibility.

Bipolar disorder is highly heritable. A rare genetic variation on chromosome 16 is associated with higher risk. Genetics also influence PTSD susceptibility.

Borderline personality disorder has a 40% heritability. Genes linked to emotional control and impulsivity may be involved.

ADHD can be caused by gene variations. Siblings or children of people with ADHD have a 9 times greater risk.

OCD can be linked to genes affecting serotonin or brain communication.

Dementia has various types, with Alzheimer's being the most common. The APOE gene influences Alzheimer's risk.

Mental health is influenced by environment, personality, experiences, societal factors, and lifestyle. Equitable access to care and societal attitudes are crucial for support.